The speech therapy deals with the detection and correction of language disorders. Speech therapy involves educating poor language, optimizing communication and understanding.
An appointment to the speech therapist is needed if the child / adult:
- has severe difficulties in pronouncing one or more sounds (especially after the age of 4);
- has unclear, particularly hasty or too slow speech;
- has a disorganized speech, and other.
The assessment of the speech therapist
Language is the most important means of socialization. Proper language appropriation can develop the entire personality of the child. Deficient language can develop complexes of inferiority and low self-esteem, relationships with others are deficient, the fear of speaking in public is high, and closing-off is inevitable, which can lead to school dropout.
Early diagnosis of children with language disorder, as well as the appropriate speech therapy are very important. The detection of language disorders is carried out in successive stages.
The individual examination aims to establish differentiated diagnosis, requires complete analysis of both the language and the person. In order to establish it correctly, it is not enough to find that a sound is deficient, but the cause must be determined as well.
Thus, during the consultation, the speech therapist will:
- detect early language disorders;
- perform a complex evaluation;
- establish the diagnosis and make recommendations.
What happens at a speech therapy session?
At a speech therapy session the correction of sounds that are poorly pronounced is done. A speech therapy session involves, in a first phase, oral-maxillofacial gymnastic exercises for the preparation of facial muscles for the purpose of sounding, respiratory gymnastics to educate the balance between inspiration and expiration, to educate the phonematical hearing and correct bad sounding that involves learning to properly emit it and then consolidate it.
Each lesson begins with fingers gymnastics, with the development of hand motoricity. At the tip of the fingers there are nerve endings that are tied to the part of the brain responsible for speech. If the joints are trained by physical exercises, then we influence the brain through our fingers. For this purpose, special plush toys stuffed with cereals or tiny balls were designed to make the child send impulses to the brain and stimulate the development of speech. After the fingers gymnastics, the gymnastics for the joints is done, after which the breathing, and only after that the expert begins to work with a concrete problem. If it’s a sound, then we work with it. Initially the sound is made, then it is introduced into the syllable, then the word, after which a phrase is spoken, and further on we come to poems, riddles and stories. Every lesson is built on the principle from simple to complicated.
In the case of the adults, everything can also be corrected, and this is really a very difficult task. The adults, however, already have their own interests and complexes, which they consciously strive to escape. And in this case, this is an advantage. If little children can have fun during the lessons, can become capricious and they do not understand how and where to place their tongue, in the case of adults the situation is absolutely different. They are aware of what they have to do, but it is difficult to get rid of the habit with which they have lived for years. They have to work a lot, because talking is brain’s activity.
How long should a child with a speech disorder see a speech therapist?
It depends on each case, a fixed period cannot be given. Speech therapy can last from a few weeks to a few years, depending on the severity of the disorder, the psychomotor development of the child, the possible associated problems, as well as the cooperation between the speech therapist and the child’s family.
There are situations when a single session can produce the sound. This also depends on when the parents brought the child to the speech therapist. The bigger the child, the more difficult it is to produce the sound, because it can be corrected, but in this situation it is more difficult for him to get used not to speak incorrectly. From practice, I can say that to make the R sound, ten sessions are needed and this if the child is focused and co-operant. If we talk about adults, then it is all about acquiring a new habit, and this requires a lot of practice.
From what age is a visit to a speech therapist recommended?
Pre-school and school ages are the most appropriate for the beginning of speech therapy, because at this age they can easily correct the defects of speech. There is no well-established limit from which the child should begin speech therapy, but the most appropriate would be the child’s age to be at least of 2 and a half to 3 years old, in order to catch his attention and have a minimum level of communication.
For appointments to the speech therapist, call (+373) 22 40 00 40 (24/24).